ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (also called AD/HD or ADD) is a developmental disorder which is mainly characterized by hyperactivity and difficulties in paying attention. Although it can occur in adults and adolescents, ADHD is primarily diagnosed in children. The occurrence of ADHD is found more often in boys than girls with boys two to four times more likely to suffer from the disorder.
ADHD is categorized into three subtypes; the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, the predominantly inattentive, and the combination of both hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention types. There are several symptoms which define each subtype. A person is diagnosed with the hyperactive-impulsive adhd child if he or she shows six or more symptoms from the hyperactivity-impulsivity category and has less than six symptoms from the inattentive category. The same way goes with the diagnosis of inattentive subtype; a person is said to have the inattentive symptoms when he or she shows more than 6 symptoms of inattentive category but less than symptoms of the hyperactivity-impulsivity group. When a person has six or more symptoms of both categories, he or she is diagnosed with the combination type.
Symptoms of the ADHD predominantly inattentive subtype include:
– Difficulty in maintaining focus on one task
– Difficulty in maintaining attention on organizing, learning, or completing a task
– Distracted easily, missing details, forgetting things, and often switching activities before finishing the first
– Daydreaming, confused easily, and moving slowly
– Difficulty in processing quick and accurate information like normal people
– Difficulty in following instructions
– Becoming bored with a task after only a few minutes, except when doing interesting activities
– Seeming not to listen when spoken to
Meanwhile, the hyperactivity symptoms may include:
– Fidgeting and squirming while sitting
– Talking nonstop
– Frequently in motion
– Difficulty in doing quiet activities or tasks
– Dashing around, playing with anything and everything might be found
– Difficulty in remaining still during meal, school, etc.
Besides the hyperactivity symptoms, the ADHD predominantly hyperactive-compulsive sufferers also tend to show compulsivity symptoms such as:
– Very impatient
– Blurting out inappropriate comments, showing unrestrained emotions, and acting without thinking of the consequences
– Difficulty in waiting desired things or waiting the turns in games or other activities.
When a child seems to show several symptoms of ADHD, do not easily judge her or him of the disorder. To find out about it, the child needs to undergo ADD or ADHD test. The disorder is diagnosed by a set of tests which include psychiatric assessment, physical examination, radiological imaging, and laboratory tests.